As many people are aware, I paint acrylics, watercolours, gouache and pen / ink. Lately, about 80% of my paintings are done digitally on my iPad Pro using Procreate software.
Many ask, how do I paint? Why do I paint what I do? How is it many of my paintings look photographic? Here is some things to think about!
I started painting traditionally about 15 years ago, starting with Watercolours and then 2 years later with Acrylics. But I have painted digitally in Adobe Photoshop for 30+ years. And I ran a graphic design business and web design business since the mid 1980’s. So I am fortunate to have the experience that I do.
I have also taken courses with well known watercolour artists and acrylic artists. This mentoring, helped me move ahead and learn quickly!
A lot of art creation goes beyond the actual painting component. I research almost all my paintings. I sketch out on paper and pen, many image ideas. When I go to bed at night, I paint and compose images in my head. Years ago, I had a photographic memory and could visualize any image or artwork. I suffered my first stroke at age 50, when I suffered some memory loss and all the vision in my right eye. But, I can still paint in my head and that helps me with my art. It sounds weird but visualization in ones head does help.
I study the great masters and take video tutorials of painting techniques 4-5 times a week. For at least 5-7 hours a week total. That’s over 300 hrs a year of video training. Throw in the research, practice drawings and sketches, and you are easily looking at 1000 + hours per year. Spend 1000 hrs our any hobby or skill and eventually you get better. It takes a lot of work, but repetition and practice helps quite a bit.
Now, also consider that painting and art lowers my stress and makes me feel good. Art is very therapeutic during these tough Covid times. I am on permanent disability and yet I can paint even if its for 20 minutes at a stretch before I take a break. Some days, I stop and start every 15-20 mins 5-7 times. Makes for a long day but this is how I work.
On a related note, I paint many paintings (or start them) and then leave them for 1-3 months. Then I come back and finish them. In many cases I upload 2-3 painting photos one after another. So it is not me painting in a marathon session, but spread out over time.
Some folks have asked me why I paint Japanese Gardens one minute, Car paintings the next and then throw in a Pet portrait. I paint hundreds of different subjects to constantly learn and push myself. I get better by trying new techniques, new textures and digital brushes.
Last night I started jotting down ideas on some western themed paintings of old west towns with horses tied up out front of the stables. Ten minutes later I was sketching ideas for a painting I wanted to create on the inside of a blacksmiths shop with two people working metal in low light. You see, there are only 2-3 million ideas floating around in my head. Eventually, I hope to paint them all. I will never be short ideas or end up stuck for ideas to paint.
When I start a painting, digitally or traditionally, rarely do I plan ahead in terms of size. I just start and then later, wish I had gone bigger or smaller. But I paint for the enjoyment of painting and creating art. It’s a process for me.
Lastly, I wanted to share that I take a lot of pictures on my iPhone for researching ideas. I create small sketches on paper or note ideas on my phone of themes to paint. I sometimes just sit down and type out names for paintings. That can be challenging for many but I go with what pops into my head.
In future posts, I will share more about how I paint. If anyone has any questions or would like more information, feel free to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I will try to get back to you! Have a creative day!
This digital painting of an old growth, tree house in the Pacific Northwest. It’s 14” X 24” watercolour painting, I used about 9 different brushes, 3-4 textures. Growing up on Vancouver Island, BC, my brothers and I built tree houses for years. Painted in the new version of Procreate 5.2 with Apple pencil.
This image was created from some pictures I took of Victoria, BC about 3 years ago. My brother drove me around while I took reference shots of building and store fronts. It was created in Procreate.
Like many of my digital paintings, I stopped and started this painting over the years as I got better and better with digital oil brushes. This painting is about 14” X 14” in size. I used about 20 textured brushes to recreate the oil brushes and effect.
On many occasions, I get emails from my fellow artists and followers on Instagram and Facebook asking me how I get the results I do create Digital Artwork / Paintings. Below, I have summarized some techniques, secrets, tips that I use. And answers to how I am able to create the art that I do.
Let’s get started…..
Digital Undoes makes it easy! — When digitally painting in Procreate on the iPad Pro, if I make a mistake, paint a bad line, screw up a texture, I am able to tap with two fingers and it undoes the mistake I made. This makes it easy to paint quickly and appear to create outstanding work with no mistakes. Procreate has many gestures that you can use with different finger tricks.
Varied Subjects — I paint daily and like many artists, I have a million painting ideas and themes I want to paint. The benefit to this (beyond creating art that more people enjoy) is that I can learn new techniques and push myself to get better. One day I may paint flowers and gardens and the next I might paint old cars and trains. The results, I think, are that it makes me a better painter and I do not get bored creating new, fresh art. I encourage all artists to create art outside their normal subjects and themes.
Chaos Theory and mistakes (on purpose) — I have pointed out in the past that many outdoor scenes that I paint, foliage, and gardens look more real when you create visible mistakes, thus duplicating nature in how it is. So if there is a bent or discoloured tree branch or leaf, I recreate the same “natural mistake” in nature but in my painting. Chaos Theory is the concept that nature is not perfect and that random “chaos” is commonplace. Imagine a forest of trees that all we’re the same height and colour. It would not look real or represent the real world. Trees come in different sizes and colours.
Textures – I collect different textures much like I do brushes for Procreate (my digital painting program). I scan many textures from nature and other objects (rice paper, metal rust patterns, cardboard etc) as well as download textures from the internet (like barn wood, rocks, concrete and more). These textures allow me to create brushes or simply allows me to overlay on my art and adjust the opacity, making objects look very real.
Blending Modes — Many of my paintings are painted on layers in Procreate. One of the benefits of using layers ( originally created by Adobe Photoshop) is the ability to create effects between the layers. Blending modes is a complex topic and I will create a future post on how they work. I will say that you can do things like adjust the way light and shadow interact between layers, certain colours can shine thru while others do not. It is one of the secret weapons to creating unbelievable effects on a piece of art!
Using Brushes not intended for the purpose — I have hundreds of brushes for different uses. I can create realistic leaves, barks, and tree branch patterns. But many of my successful images are made up of brush patterns and themes that are not used for their intended purpose. For instance, when I want to create shadow effects, I will sometimes use concrete patterns when painting shadows. Or I will use steel patterns of rust that help me when painting old worn-out buildings. When I paint the fur on animal portraits, I use custom plant and grass patterns for realistic fur. It is amazing how many uses you can come up with when painting patterns.
Brush Library – building your own brushes — Many of the brushes I use for my paintings do NOT come with the Procreate program. But the Procreate program/app comes with a very sophisticated Brush Editor / Library that you can use to bring in your own brush shapes and textures and then manipulate them for effect. It takes some getting used to that part of the program, but the results are well worth the time.
Using many brushes on your art — I use 15-20 brushes on my best paintings. Many artists only use a limited selection of brushes, but I choose to use as many as I can come up with. Currently, I have over 4,000 different digital brushes. So for example, if I want to paint leaves, I have dozens of brushes based on the type of tree I am painting. I collect textures from all over the world and then use them to create custom brushes. Creative brush creation is one of the top secrets to how I create award-winning art.
Faking Realism — I like to experiment with shadows, reflections and many of my digital (and acrylic paintings) appear to look very real. But on many of them, I create an artificial reality and create effects, reflections that look real when in fact they are not. Light, for example, reflects differently and uniquely off of buildings and solid shapes. I can create believable shapes that I create myself that bear little resemblance to real shapes. But when viewing art I create, you can create a series of dots and patterns that initially look like a group of swimmers in a lake or leaves on a tree, but in fact, are simple blobs of colour.
Always focus on your light source — This is a critical component of every painting (digital, oil, acrylic, or watercolour). Knowing where the main light source is coming from is very important. And remember the sun is not the only source of light. The sky provides reflected light (with a blue colour cast) as do the walls of a building. Water reflects light and casts uniques shadows and colours. Always know where your primary and secondary light sources are coming from. And what light is reflected and what light is direct.
I like to experiment with watercolour brushes and play with pressures and blending brush techniques — Many of the effects I create in my real watercolour paintings, can be duplicated in digital form. Wet in Wet techniques, colour mixing effects, dry brush effects can all be duplicated using custom brushes and techniques when creating digital art.
Custom Oil Brush Techniques — I like to experiment with dabbing techniques and short strokes when I paint with digital oil painting brushes. You can come up with some interesting and realistic effects that make the painting look absolutely real. Printed on canvas, most people can look at them and not realize it is a digital image that was created to look like real oil paints.
Watercolour Artists — If you paint actual watercolours on paper, duplicate your award-winning techniques using digital. With watercolours, I like to blend washes of colour. I do a lot of glazing as well in both mediums. That coupled with layer blending modes really helps. There are a few techniques I have used over the years on actual paper that I cannot duplicate on my iPad. You have to see it to believe it!
Practice Makes A Difference – I spend 30-60 min a day, 5 days a week, watching and learning from digital painting tutorials online. About 97% are free on Youtube and so if you are on a budget, you don’t always need high-dollar training. That said, many techniques I use have come from paid training and mentoring. But starting out as a new artist, I tell people to watch tutorials to get started. Get involved with Procreate groups, Apps like VisualTribe (managed by Visual Timmy, a community leader).
Getting Started —I start some paintings on paper or traditional methods (pen and ink, pencil, charcoal ) and then scan or photograph and bring them into Procreate. On about 20% I start digitally in Photoshop based on my 30 yrs experience with that software, then import and colour or paint in Procreate on my iPad Pro. You can mix and match different methods to come up with unique styles. Recently, I started sketching outside on paper or in a drawing book and then photographing the image and bring it into my computer software. It is called Urban Sketching and I can create line work in pen or India ink and then colour on my iPad later.
Sharper Drawings – I like to use Curves adjustment- I traditionally increase my highlights a bit and drop my shadows. Gives me a punchier style before I colour on certain drawings. This is where understanding the features of any program really helps. I have used programs like Adobe Photoshop for 30 years and still find new techniques. I still have a ways to go in Procreate on my iPad Pro but I am improving everyday!
Antiquing my paintings — I can make my digital painting more antique-looking by adding sepia or brown tones, recreating a wash of Raw Umber or Raw Sienna. I then adjust my blending modes in Procreate and adjust the opacity for the best effect.
Conclusion — The above tips, techniques, and creative effects are what allow me to create award-winning art in Procreate on my iPad Pro, painting with the Apple pencil. It still takes a lot of practice and regular painting, Not to mention learning, studying, and watching video tutorials online. But in the end, your enjoyment of digital drawing just gets better and better! Give it a try and don’t get frustrated. Soon you will be creating art that you can show off, enter into contests or sell! Just stick with it! And have fun!
Here are some digital paintings from the month of October 2021. I have been busy creating digital paintings over the last 30 days. Some of the paintings were started 12 months ago and finished just recently. I have prints available of many of these digital paintings both on canvas and semi gloss paper.